Today, 22 April, World Earth Day is celebrated, the largest environmental event for the protection of the planet.
The United Nations celebrates Earth Day every year, one month and two days after the spring equinox, on April 22.
When was the idea of celebrating the Earth born?
The idea of creating an “Earth Day” was first discussed in 1962. Protests against the Vietnam War were on the rise in those years, and Senator Nelson came up with the idea of organizing a “teach- in “on environmental issues.
Officially, the date of birth is April 22, 1970 to emphasize the need for the conservation of the Earth’s natural resources. As a university movement, over time, Earth Day has become an educational and informative event. Ecological groups use it as an opportunity to evaluate the problems of the planet: the pollution of air, water and soil, the destruction of ecosystems, the thousands of plants and animal species that disappear, and the depletion of non-renewable resources. We insist on solutions that make it possible to eliminate the negative effects of human activities; these solutions include the recycling of materials, the conservation of natural resources such as oil and fossil gases, the ban on the use of harmful chemicals, the cessation of the destruction of key habitats such as wet forests and the protection of endangered species.
Earth Day finally took shape in 1969 following the environmental disaster caused by the oil spill from the Union Oi well off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, following which Senator Nelson decided it was time to bring environmental issues. to the attention of public opinion and the political world. “All people, regardless of ethnicity, sex, income or geographical origin, have the right to a healthy, balanced and sustainable environment”.
On April 22, 1970, inspired by this principle, 20 million American citizens mobilized for a demonstration in defense of the Earth. Groups that had individually fought against fossil fuel pollution, pollution from factories and power plants, toxic waste, pesticides, progressive desertification and the extinction of wildlife, suddenly realized that they shared common values. Thousands of colleges and universities organized protests against environmental degradation: since then April 22 has taken the name of Earth Day.
Over the years, international participation in Earth Day has grown to over 1 billion people worldwide: this is the affirmation of the “Green Generation”, which looks to a future free from fossil fuel energy, in favor of renewable sources, individual responsibility towards sustainable consumption, the development of a green economy and an educational system inspired by environmental issues.