1. What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files that the sites visited by users send to their terminals, where
they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same sites on the next visit. THE
cookies of the so-called "third parties" are instead set by a website other than that
that the user is visiting. This is because elements can be present on each site
(images, maps, sounds, specific links to web pages of other domains, etc.) that reside on
servers other than the visited site.
2. What are cookies for?
Cookies are used for different purposes: execution of computer authentication,
session monitoring, storage of information on specific configurations
regarding users accessing the server, storing preferences, etc.
3. What are "technical" cookies?
They are cookies that are used to make browsing or provide a requested service
user. They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed
directly from the website owner.
Without the use of these cookies, some operations could not be carried out either
they would be more complex and / or less secure, such as home banking activities
(display of the statement, bank transfers, bill payment, etc.), for which i
cookies, which allow you to maintain and maintain the user's identification in the context
session, are indispensable.
4. Are analytics cookies "technical" cookies?
No. The Guarantor (see provision of 8 May 2014) has specified that they can be
assimilated to technical cookies only if used for the purposes of site optimization directly
from the owner of the site itself, which can collect information in aggregate form on the
number of users and how they visit the site. Under these conditions, for cookies
analytics are the same rules, in terms of information and consent, provided for cookies
5. What are "profiling" cookies?
They are the cookies used to track user navigation on the network and create profiles on
his tastes, habits, choices, etc. With these cookies can be transmitted to the terminal
user's advertising messages in line with the preferences already expressed by the same
user in online navigation.
6. Is the user's consent required for the installation of cookies on his terminal?
It depends on the purposes for which cookies are used and, therefore, if they are "technical" cookies
For the installation of technical cookies, users' consent is not required, while it is
necessary to provide information (article 13 of the Privacy Code). Profiling cookies, on the other hand,
they can be installed on the user's terminal only if this has expressed the
consent after being informed in a simplified manner.
7. How the site owner must provide the simplified information and request the
consent to the use of profiling cookies?
As established by the Guarantor in the provision indicated in question no. 4, the information goes
set on two levels.
When the user accesses a website (on the home page or on any other website
page), a banner containing an initial information must immediately appear
more "extended". On this page, the user can find more detailed information
information about cookies choose which specific cookies to authorize.
8. How should the banner be created?
The banner must be large enough to partially cover the content of the web page
the user is visiting. It must be able to be eliminated only by active intervention
of the user, ie by selecting an element contained in the page
9. What indications must the banner contain?
The banner must specify that the site uses profiling cookies, possibly also of
"third parties", which allow you to send advertising messages in line with your preferences
It must contain the link to the extended information and the indication that, through that link, is
You can refuse consent to the installation of any cookies.
It must be specified that if the user chooses to continue "skipping" the banner, he consents to the use
10. How the acquisition of consent made through can be documented
the use of the banner?
To keep track of the acquired consent, the site owner can make use of a specific one
technical cookie, a system that is not particularly invasive and which does not require a
In the presence of such "documentation", it is not necessary that the short information be
re-proposed to the user's second visit on the site, without prejudice to the possibility for
the latter to deny consent and / or modify, at any time and in an easy manner,
their options, for example through access to the extended information, which must be
then linkable from each page of the site.
No. The owners of the sites always have the possibility to resort to different modalities from that
identified by the Guarantor in the aforementioned provision, provided the methods chosen
submit all the validity requirements of the consent required by law.
12. The obligation to use the banner also weighs on the owners of sites that use only cookies
No. In this case, the site owner can inform users with the methods that
considers it more appropriate, for example, also through the inclusion of the related indications in the
13. What should the "extended" information indicate?
It must contain all the elements required by law, analytically describe the
characteristics and purposes of cookies installed by the site and allow the user to
select / deselect individual cookies.
It must include the updated link to the information and consent forms of the third parties
with which the owner has entered into agreements for the installation of cookies through his own
Finally, it must recall the possibility for the user to express his options on the
cookies also through the settings of the browser used.
The owner of the website that installs profiling cookies.
For third-party cookies installed through the site, the obligations of disclosure and consent
burdens on the third parties, but the site owner, as a technical intermediary between these and the
users, is obliged to include updated links to information and information in the "extended" information sheet
consent forms of the third parties themselves.
Profiling cookies, which usually persist over time, are subject to the obligation to
notification, while cookies that have different purposes and fall into the category of
technical cookies, must not be notified to the Guarantor.
16. When the measures prescribed by the Guarantor enter into force with the provision of 8
The Guarantor has foreseen a transitional period of one year starting from the publication of the
provision in the Official Gazette to allow interested parties to get in
rule. This period will end on 2 June 2015.
The user can block or limit the receipt of cookies through the options of his own
On Internet Explorer, click on the "Tools" item in the Menu Bar and then on
sub-item "Internet Options". Finally access the settings of the "Privacy" tab for
change your cookie preferences.
On Firefox, click on the "Tools" item in the Menu Bar and then on the sub-item
"Options". Finally access the settings of the "Privacy" item to change the
preferences relating to cookies.
On Chrome, type "chrome: // settings / content" in the address bar (without
quotes) and change the settings related to cookies as you wish.
On Safari, select "Preferences" and then select "Privacy". In the Block section
Cookies specify how Safari must accept cookies from websites.
If you use Safari on portable devices, such as iPhone and iPad, you need to act instead
this way: go to the item "settings" of the device and then find "Safari"
on the left menu. From here, under the heading "Privacy and security", it will be possible to manage the
options on cookies.
To disable cookies from external services it is necessary to act on their settings: